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The Ancient Ones and Organizational Life: What We Can Learn from the Anasazi People

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Dates (approx.)
Distinctive Characteristics

6,500 B.C. - 1,500 B.C.

Archaic Subsistence lifestyle based on wild foods; high mobility; low population density; shelters and open sites; atlatl and dart for hunting; no pottery
1,500 B.C. - A.D. 50 Basketmaker II (early) Long-term seasonal use of caves for camping, storage, burials, and rock art; campsites and limited activity sites in the open; no pottery; atlatl and dart for hunting; corn and squash cultivated; farming primarily floodplain or runoff-based.
A.D. 50 - 500 Basketmaker II (late) Habitation is shallow pithouse plus storage pits or cists; dispersed settlement with small, low density villages in some areas; campsites important as well; no pottery; atlatl and dart for hunting; corn and squash cultivated; upland dry farming in addition to floodplain farming.
A.D. 500 - 750 Basketmaker III Habitation is deep pithouse plus surface storage pits, cists, or rooms; dispersed settlement with occasional small villages and occasional Great Kivas; plain gray pottery, low frequencies of black-on-white pottery; bow and arrow replaces atlatl; beans added to cultigens.
A.D. 750 - 900 Pueblo I Large villages in some areas; unit pueblos of "protokiva" plus surface room-block of jacal or crude masonry; Great Kivas; plain and neckbanded gray pottery with low frequencies of black-on-white and decorated redware.
A.D. 900 - 1150 Pueblo II Chacoan influence—Great Houses, Great kivas, Chacoan Roads, etc. in many but not all regions; strong differences between Great Houses and surrounding "unit pueblos" composed of a kiva and small surface masonry room block; corrugated gray and elaborate black-on-white pottery, plus decorated red or orange types in some areas.
A.D. 1150 - 1350 Pueblo III Large pueblos and/or "revisionist Great Houses" in some areas; dispersed pattern in others; high-kiva-to-room ratios; cliff dwellings; towers; tri-walls; corrugated gray and elaborate black-on-white pottery, plus red, orange or yellow types; abandonment of the Four Corners by 1300.
A.D. 1350 - 1600 Pueblo IV Large, plaza-oriented pueblos in Rio Grande and western Pueblo areas; low kiva-to-room ratio; kachina cult widespread; black-on-white pottery declines relative to red,orange or yellow types; corrugated pottery replaced by plain utility types.
A.D. 1600 - Pueblo V
Source: BLM, Cedar Mesa/Grand Gulch Trip Planner: visit its web site at www.blm.gov/utah/monticello

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