Page under construction
and concept testing
- 1,500 B.C.
lifestyle based on wild foods; high mobility; low population
density; shelters and open sites; atlatl and
dart for hunting; no pottery
B.C. - A.D. 50
seasonal use of caves for camping, storage, burials,
and rock art; campsites and limited activity sites in
the open; no pottery; atlatl and dart for hunting;
corn and squash cultivated; farming primarily floodplain
50 - 500
is shallow pithouse plus storage pits or cists; dispersed
settlement with small, low density villages in some
areas; campsites important as well; no pottery; atlatl
and dart for hunting; corn and squash cultivated; upland
dry farming in addition to floodplain farming.
500 - 750
is deep pithouse plus surface storage pits, cists, or
rooms; dispersed settlement with occasional small villages
and occasional Great Kivas; plain gray pottery, low
frequencies of black-on-white pottery; bow and arrow
replaces atlatl; beans added to cultigens.
750 - 900
villages in some areas; unit pueblos of "protokiva"
plus surface room-block of jacal or crude masonry;
Great Kivas; plain and neckbanded gray pottery with
low frequencies of black-on-white and decorated redware.
900 - 1150
influenceGreat Houses, Great kivas, Chacoan Roads,
etc. in many but not all regions; strong differences
between Great Houses and surrounding "unit pueblos"
composed of a kiva and small surface masonry room block;
corrugated gray and elaborate black-on-white pottery,
plus decorated red or orange types in some areas.
1150 - 1350
pueblos and/or "revisionist Great Houses"
in some areas; dispersed pattern in others; high-kiva-to-room
ratios; cliff dwellings; towers; tri-walls; corrugated
gray and elaborate black-on-white pottery, plus red,
orange or yellow types; abandonment of the Four Corners
1350 - 1600
plaza-oriented pueblos in Rio Grande and western Pueblo
areas; low kiva-to-room ratio; kachina cult widespread;
black-on-white pottery declines relative to red,orange
or yellow types; corrugated pottery replaced by plain
BLM, Cedar Mesa/Grand Gulch Trip Planner: visit
its web site at www.blm.gov/utah/monticello
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